Journal of Law of the Faculty of Legal and Social Sciences <p align="justify">The Journal of Law of the Faculty of Legal and Social Sciences of the UNAN-León, is a scientific journal where the research of its academics is published, as well as those of other national and international researchers specialists or experts from the different branches of Law .</p> <p align="justify">Created in 1812 by the Cortes de Cádiz and officially installed in 1816, the current UNAN-León was the second University of Central America and the last one of America founded during the last days of the Spanish colony.</p> <p align="justify">Doctors Tomás Ruíz, Agustín Ayestas and Nicolás García Jerez are considered the founders of the University of León whose initial motto was Sic itur ad astra (for this route to the stars), a motto that still remains written in the main entrance of the current building of its bicentennial Faculty of Legal and Social Sciences, generally known as Faculty of Law.</p> <p>Since its inception, the Faculty Law of UNAN-León has been deserving of great respect and prestige as a result of the great contribution it has made and is making in favor of the progress of Nicaraguan society, since its classrooms have been formed in numerous professionals and leaders who have influenced the development of the country and the Central American region.</p> <p>At present, the UNAN-León is in a process of self-evaluation and constant improvement of the main functions that characterize a modern university, such as: teaching, research and social projection; and it is precisely in this process that the project for the creation of a Law Journal of the Faculty of Legal and Social Sciences is inserted, which pursues the main objective of increasing productivity in quality scientific research in legal matters, articulating the product of research with pre and postgraduate teaching and projecting towards society in the search of improving the quality of life levels of Central Americans in general and Nicaraguans in particular.</p> <p>In this year 2015 almost 40 years have passed since the Faculty of Law stopped publishing its magazine in which the investigations of its most emblematic teachers, illustrious jurists and academics who inherited their valuable knowledge product of the study, research, were divulged. and the experience itself. That is why, with this project, it is also intended to rescue and promote the research vocation of our current teachers, a vocation that is demanded by the nature of our profession, by our University and by society.</p> <p align="justify">Therefore, the Journal of the Faculty of Legal and Social Sciences of the UNAN-León, intends to serve as an incentive and showcase mainly for the scientific and research work of its teachers, but it will also be open to research jurists from other universities in our country, from Central America and other countries that wish to collaborate and enrich with their contributions to our magazine in its second stage in electronic format.</p> en-US Journal of Law of the Faculty of Legal and Social Sciences 2707-4145 Presentation of the Second Special Volume of the Digital Law Review of Dr. Orlando Mejía Herrera, Secretary of the Law Review <pre id="tw-target-text" class="tw-data-text tw-text-large tw-ta" dir="ltr" data-placeholder="Traducción"><span lang="en">Presentation of the Second Special Volume of Business Law</span></pre> Orlando Mejía Herrera ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-16 2020-03-16 2 2 Presentation of the articles of the Second Special Volume on Business Law of the Digital Magazine on Law, by Dr. Lylliam Azucena Navas Mendoza <p><strong>PRESENTATION OF THE ARTICLES OF THE SECOND SPECIAL VOLUME OF THE DIGITAL JOURNAL LAW OF THE FACULTY OF JURIDICAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES OF UNAN-León, DEDICATED TO BUSINESS LAW</strong></p> Lylliam Azucena Navas Mendoza ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-16 2020-03-16 2 2 The scope of protection and indemnity insurance (P&I) in maritime transport <p><em>This paper provides a brief analysis regarding the protection and indemnity insurance (P&amp;I), its evolution in time, as well as the extent of general maritime transport and more specifically in Nicaragua, in order to indentify the corrent dispute resolution procedures in maritime transport insurance claims. </em></p> María Evelin González Zambrana ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-16 2020-03-16 2 2 1 30 SEAFARERS TRAINING AS AN IMPORTANT PART OF NICARAGUAN MARITIME TRADE <p><em>Seafarers are people who works shipboard. Seafarers Training can make the difference between a job well done or disaster. Without training seafarers risk of death, economic and environmental increase. Seafarers Training is a duty in several countries around the world, is regulated by the Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers Convention (STCW/78) of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and it’s amendments. Nicaragua adheres to this Convention in 2008 by Act # 5,547 and also supports it on the National Constitution Articles # 58, 80, 82.6, 85 and 86. Seafarers Training is essential for the Nicaraguan Maritime Trade as it provides: education, create new job opportunities, as well as benefits our Country by increasing the likelihood of Nicaragua joining the IMO’s white list and increasing the Nicaraguan Gross Domestic Product.</em></p> María de Fátima Mayorga Juárez ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-16 2020-03-16 2 2 31 66 ANALYSIS OF THE NEW ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT SYSTEM IN NICARAGUA, FROM AND BUSINESS PERSPECTIVE <p><em>For the past years the Environmental Law has been performing a great improvement related to Environmental management, due to the right balance among economic, social and environmental as well. In this paper we analyzed the legal boundaries within the new evaluation system for environment in Nicaragua from a business perspective. This is with the objective to recognize future challenges that represents a new system, such as private and public areas; how it aligns with our legal system. Likewise, compare the scope of the evaluation systems implemented at the regional level. That allows us to guarantee the sustainability of natural resources and the development of investments under a model of prediction of causes and effects that allow before its execution to define the necessary environmental measures aimed at preventing, correcting and mitigating environmental impacts.</em></p> Adela del Carmen López ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-16 2020-03-16 2 2 67 102 Corporate Social Responsibility in Human Rights and the need for its legal regulation in Nicaragua <p><em>This paper aims to identify the relationship of Corporate Social Responsibility with Human Rights and then analyze the viability of its legal regulation in Nicaragua. For this we will address the link between Corporate Social Responsibility and Human Rights; its legal status in Nicaragua; and finally, the need for its legal regulation. The present investigation is of theoretical documentary type, with a qualitative approach and a descriptive compilation scope, the documentary revision was used as research technique. With this work we have contributed to reflect that the activity called Corporate Social Responsibility is not a simple business model, but it must be an imperative condition for doing business for human rights that may be seriously affected in the exercise of business activity, and therefore the need for its legal regulation in our country.</em></p> Juan Pablo Medina Rojas ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-16 2020-03-16 2 2 103 135 Analysis of the legal order for the creation of technological based companies in the UNAN - León <p><em>The role of Universities in the 21st Century goes beyond simple teaching and research, in this context of globalization and technological revolution the Institutions of Higher Education have to foster innovation from the academy in order to become agents that promote the economic growth. Technology-based companies play an important role as they are born as a result of the scientific research carried out by teachers where the scientific and technological knowledge of the university is transferred to the new company in order to develop products or services that can meet the needs of the market, generating jobs and having a positive impact on the economic and social development of the countries. The object of study of this article is to analyze whether the national and institutional legal order of UNAN - León allows the creation of technology-based companies, characterize university professors and determine their possible participation in these companies.</em></p> Ofilio Hernández Durán ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-16 2020-03-16 2 2 136 174 FRANCHISE AGREEMENTS AND THE COMPETITION LAWS IN NICARAGUA <p><em>In this paper is discussed the current legal issues surrounding Franchise Contracts and its non-existing specific regulation in the national Positive Law, and as their contractual gaps are poorly solved by limited supplementary regulations. At the same time, the coexistence in the world of Law between the Franchise Contracts and Competition Law is studied, and as the first despite containing clauses that would be punishable by the second in its contractual content, it enjoys prerogatives in this regard.</em></p> Daniel Ernesto Escobar García ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-16 2020-03-16 2 2 175 207